The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty. Ringed by a 52m-wide moat at the very heart of Beijing, it is China's largest and best-preserved collection of ancient buildings, and the largest palace complex in the world. It also houses the prestigious Palace Museum along with Hall of Supreme Harmony.
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China, one of the seven wonders of the medieval world is of incomparable importance in the Chinese psyche, both as a symbol of the nation's former might, and of the need to unite and fight for their future. There are mainly eight sections of the wall in Beijing namely Badaling, Juyongguan, Huanghuacheng, Jiankou, Mutianyu, Gubeikou, Jinshanling, and Simatai.
Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven situated in southeastern Beijing, is the largest extant sacrificial temple in China. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, it was the site of imperial sacrifices to Heaven. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, the Imperial Vault of Heaven and the Circular Mound Altar are three main groups of constructions here. The surrounding park is quite extensive consisting of playgrounds, exercise and game areas.
The Summer Palace is a vast ensemble of lakes, gardens and palaces in Beijing. Being the largest and most well-preserved royal park in China, it greatly influences Chinese horticulture and landscape with its famous natural views and cultural interests, which also has long since been recognized as 'The Museum of Royal Gardens'. There are over 3,000 man-made ancient structures including pavilions, towers, bridges, corridors, etc. It can be divided into four parts: the Court Area, Front Hill Area, Rear Hill Area and Lake Area.
The Ming tombs are a collection of imperial mausoleums built by the Chinese Ming dynasty emperors. The first Ming emperor's tomb is located near his capital Nanjing. Other Ming tombs are located in a cluster near Beijing and are collectively known as the Thirteen Tombs of the Ming Dynasty. These tombs are the best preserved Chinese imperial tombs and have been nominated by UNESCO as world cultural heritage.
The earliest history of human settlement in Beijing can be traced back to around 3000 BC, before which hominids dubbed as Peking Men inhabited the region. Beijing has been a witness to the rule of many dynasties of which the most well-known ones were the Zhou Dynasty, Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, and Qing Dynasty. There was a great political upheaval in the city during the early 1990's. Then there was the World War II, followed by the infamous Civil War. At the end of the Civil War, in which the Communist Party emerged victorious, People's Liberation Army assembled at the Tian'anmen Square on October 1, 1949 and Mao Zedong announced the inception of the People's Republic of China. This incident sparked a new beginning; Beijing started developing fiercely in all fronts and today it is one of the most economically developed cities in the world. There are many luxury hotels in Beijing alongside some great budget hotels in Beijing which offer their guests world-class accommodation and dining facilities.
Languages Spoken: Cantonese and Mandarin.
Nearest Airports: Beijing Nanyuan Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport.
Best Time to Visit: April to early November.
Emergency Contact Number: Police: 110, Medical: 120, Fire: 119.